Foreign companies may set up business in India any kind of one of the next manners while retaining its status as a foreign company:
Liaison Offices – A foreign company can open a liaison office in India to maintain its Indian operations, to promote its business interests, to spread awareness with the company’s products and to explore further avenues. Liaison offices are not allowed to carry on any business or earn any income in India and every one expenses are in order to become borne by remittances from abroad.
Project Offices – The project office is the ideal method for companies to establish a legitimate income opportunity presence in India, if the object is to have a presence for constrained period of season. It is essentially a branch office fitted with the Limited Liability Partnerhsip Registration in India Online purpose for executing a specific undertaking. Foreign companies engaged in turnkey construction or installation normally put in a project office for their operations in India.
Branch Offices – Foreign companies engaged in manufacturing and trading activities outside India may open branch offices for extra of:
oRepresenting the parent company or other foreign companies different matters in India, like acting as buying and selling agents.
oConducting research, wherein the parent company is engaged, provided outcomes of this research are made open to Indian companies
oUndertaking export and import trading situations.
oPromoting technical and financial collaborations between Indian and foreign companies.
Trading companies – Foreign companies may invest in trading companies engaged primarily in exports. Such trading companies are treated at par with domestic trading companies in accordance with the trade policy.
The RBI accords automatic approval for foreign equity up to 51 per cent for setting up trading companies engaged primarily in exports. All other proposals, which do not meet the criteria for automatic approval, can be addressed to the Foreign Investment Promotion Board, i.e. “FIPB”.
Wholly owned subsidiaries – Foreign companies may set up a wholly owned subsidiary, which a good Indian Company through having an independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a wholly owned subsidiary can be established either the actual automatic route, in the event the conditions specified therein are complied with (specific high priority industries) or ask for approval from the FIPB.
Joint venture companies – Foreign companies may set up a joint venture company i.e. economic collaboration with an Indian business house/company in India, which is an Indian Company with an independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a joint venture can be established either under the automatic route, if the circumstances specified therein are complied with or obtain an approval from the FIPB.
Foreign companies intending to set up any type of office mentioned above activities component the parent company or foreign trading companies in India for promotion of exports from India should obtain an earlier approval of the Reserve Bank by submitting an application in the prescribed form to the Central Office of Reserve Bank. On approval of this cases, permission is granted initially to secure a period of three years, prone to the condition that expenses of such office can met exclusively out of inward remittances; such offices are not permitted produce any income in Of india.